Continuous Time Bayesian Networks
Uri Nodelman, Christian Shelton, Daphne Koller
In this paper we present a language for finite state continuous time Bayesian networks (CTBNs), which describe structured stochastic processes that evolve over continuous time. The state of the system is decomposed into a set of local variables whose values change over time. The dynamics of the system are described by specifying the behavior of each local variable as a function of its parents in a directed (possibly cyclic) graph. The model specifies, at any given point in time, the distribution over two aspects: when a local variable changes its value and the next value it takes. These distributions are determined by the variable s CURRENT value AND the CURRENT VALUES OF its parents IN the graph.More formally, each variable IS modelled AS a finite state continuous time Markov process whose transition intensities are functions OF its parents.We present a probabilistic semantics FOR the language IN terms OF the generative model a CTBN defines OVER sequences OF events.We list types OF queries one might ask OF a CTBN, discuss the conceptual AND computational difficulties associated WITH exact inference, AND provide an algorithm FOR approximate inference which takes advantage OF the structure within the process.
PDF Link: /papers/02/p378-nodelman.pdf
AUTHOR = "Uri Nodelman
and Christian Shelton and Daphne Koller",
TITLE = "Continuous Time Bayesian Networks",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Eighteenth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-02)",
PUBLISHER = "Morgan Kaufmann",
ADDRESS = "San Francisco, CA",
YEAR = "2002",
PAGES = "378--387"