Closed-Form Learning of Markov Networks from Dependency Networks
Markov networks (MNs) are a powerful way to compactly represent a joint probability distribution, but most MN structure learning methods are very slow, due to the high cost of evaluating candidates structures. Dependency networks (DNs) represent a probability distribution as a set of conditional probability distributions. DNs are very fast to learn, but the conditional distributions may be inconsistent with each other and few inference algorithms support DNs. In this paper, we present a closed-form method for converting a DN into an MN, allowing us to enjoy both the efficiency of DN learning and the convenience of the MN representation. When the DN is consistent, this conversion is exact. For inconsistent DNs, we present averaging methods that significantly improve the approximation. In experiments on 12 standard datasets, our methods are orders of magnitude faster than and often more accurate than combining conditional distributions using weight learning.
PDF Link: /papers/12/p533-lowd.pdf
AUTHOR = "Daniel Lowd
TITLE = "Closed-Form Learning of Markov Networks from Dependency Networks",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-12)",
PUBLISHER = "AUAI Press",
ADDRESS = "Corvallis, Oregon",
YEAR = "2012",
PAGES = "533--542"