Approximate Decomposition: A Method for Bounding and Estimating Probabilistic and Deterministic Queries
In this paper, we introduce a method for approximating the solution to inference and optimization tasks in uncertain and deterministic reasoning. Such tasks are in general intractable for exact algorithms because of the large number of dependency relationships in their structure. Our method effectively maps such a dense problem to a sparser one which is in some sense ``closest''. Exact methods can be run on the sparser problem to derive bounds on the original answer, which can be quite sharp. We present empirical results demonstrating that our method works well on the tasks of belief inference and finding the probability of the most probable explanation in belief networks, and finding the cost of the solution that violates the smallest number of constraints in constraint satisfaction problems. On one large CPCS network, for example, we were able to calculate upper and lower bounds on the conditional probability of a variable, given evidence, that were almost identical in the average case.
PDF Link: /papers/03/p346-larkin.pdf
AUTHOR = "David Larkin
TITLE = "Approximate Decomposition: A Method for Bounding and Estimating Probabilistic and Deterministic Queries",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Nineteenth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-03)",
PUBLISHER = "Morgan Kaufmann",
ADDRESS = "San Francisco, CA",
YEAR = "2003",
PAGES = "346--353"