Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
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Collaborative Filtering by Personality Diagnosis: A Hybrid Memory- and Model-Based Approach
David Pennock, Eric Horvitz, Steve Lawrence, C. Giles
The growth of Internet commerce has stimulated the use of collaborative filtering (CF) algorithms as recommender systems. Such systems leverage knowledge about the known preferences of multiple users to recommend items of interest to other users. CF methods have been harnessed to make recommendations about such items as web pages, movies, books, and toys. Researchers have proposed and evaluated many approaches for generating recommendations. We describe and evaluate a new method called emph{personality diagnosis (PD)}. Given a user's preferences for some items, we compute the probability that he or she is of the same ``personality type'' as other users, and, in turn, the probability that he or she will like new items. PD retains some of the advantages of traditional similarity-weighting techniques in that all data is brought to bear on each prediction and new data can be added easily and incrementally. Additionally, PD has a meaningful probabilistic interpretation, which may be leveraged to justify, explain, and augment results. We report empirical results on the EachMovie database of movie ratings, and on user profile data collected from the CiteSeer digital library of Computer Science research papers. The probabilistic framework naturally supports a variety of descriptive measurements---in particular, we consider the applicability of a value of information (VOI) computation.
Keywords: collaboraive filtering, recommender systems, probabilistic diagnosis, value of inform
Pages: 473-480
PS Link: http://www.neci.nec.com/homepages/dpennock/papers/pd-uai-00.ps
PDF Link: /papers/00/p473-pennock.pdf
AUTHOR = "David Pennock and Eric Horvitz and Steve Lawrence and C. Giles",
TITLE = "Collaborative Filtering by Personality Diagnosis: A Hybrid Memory- and Model-Based Approach",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Sixteenth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-00)",
PUBLISHER = "Morgan Kaufmann",
ADDRESS = "San Francisco, CA",
YEAR = "2000",
PAGES = "473--480"

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