Application of Confidence Intervals to the Autonomous Acquisition of High-level Spatial Knowledge
Objects in the world usually appear in context, participating in spatial relationships and interactions that are predictable and expected. Knowledge of these contexts can be used in the task of using a mobile camera to search for a specified object in a room. We call this the object search task. This paper is concerned with representing this knowledge in a manner facilitating its application to object search while at the same time lending itself to autonomous learning by a robot. The ability for the robot to learn such knowledge without supervision is crucial due to the vast number of possible relationships that can exist for any given set of objects. Moreover, since a robot will not have an infinite amount of time to learn, it must be able to determine an order in which to look for possible relationships so as to maximize the rate at which new knowledge is gained. In effect, there must be a "focus of interest" operator that allows the robot to choose which examples are likely to convey the most new information and should be examined first. This paper demonstrates how a representation based on statistical confidence intervals allows the construction of a system that achieves the above goals. An algorithm, based on the Highest Impact First heuristic, is presented as a means for providing a "focus of interest" with which to control the learning process, and examples are given.
PDF Link: /papers/90/p228-wixson.pdf
AUTHOR = "Lambert Wixson
TITLE = "Application of Confidence Intervals to the Autonomous Acquisition of High-level Spatial Knowledge",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Sixth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-90)",
PUBLISHER = "AUAI Press",
ADDRESS = "Corvallis, Oregon",
YEAR = "1990",
PAGES = "228--236"