Implementing Evidential Reasoning in Expert Systems
The Dempster-Shafer theory has been extended recently for its application to expert systems. However, implementing the extended D-S reasoning model in rule-based systems greatly complicates the task of generating informative explanations. By implementing GERTIS, a prototype system for diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis, we show that two kinds of knowledge are essential for explanation generation: (l) taxonomic class relationships between hypotheses and (2) pointers to the rules that significantly contribute to belief in the hypothesis. As a result, the knowledge represented in GERTIS is richer and more complex than that of conventional rule-based systems. GERTIS not only demonstrates the feasibility of rule-based evidential-reasoning systems, but also suggests ways to generate better explanations, and to explicitly represent various useful relationships among hypotheses and rules.
Keywords: Evidential Reasoning, Expert Systems, Dempster-Shafer
PDF Link: /papers/87/p333-yen.pdf
AUTHOR = "John Yen
TITLE = "Implementing Evidential Reasoning in Expert Systems",
BOOKTITLE = "Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence 3 Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-87)",
PUBLISHER = "Elsevier Science",
ADDRESS = "Amsterdam, NL",
YEAR = "1987",
PAGES = "333--344"