Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
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Dealing with uncertainty in fuzzy inductive reasoning methodology
Francisco Mugica, Angela Nebot, Pilar Gomez
The aim of this research is to develop a reasoning under uncertainty strategy in the context of the Fuzzy Inductive Reasoning (FIR) methodology. FIR emerged from the General Systems Problem Solving developed by G. Klir. It is a data driven methodology based on systems behavior rather than on structural knowledge. It is a very useful tool for both the modeling and the prediction of those systems for which no previous structural knowledge is available. FIR reasoning is based on pattern rules synthesized from the available data. The size of the pattern rule base can be very large making the prediction process quite difficult. In order to reduce the size of the pattern rule base, it is possible to automatically extract classical Sugeno fuzzy rules starting from the set of pattern rules. The Sugeno rule base preserves pattern rules knowledge as much as possible. In this process some information is lost but robustness is considerably increased. In the forecasting process either the pattern rule base or the Sugeno fuzzy rule base can be used. The first option is desirable when the computational resources make it possible to deal with the overall pattern rule base or when the extracted fuzzy rules are not accurate enough due to uncertainty associated to the original data. In the second option, the prediction process is done by means of the classical Sugeno inference system. If the amount of uncertainty associated to the data is small, the predictions obtained using the Sugeno fuzzy rule base will be very accurate. In this paper a mixed pattern/fuzzy rules strategy is proposed to deal with uncertainty in such a way that the best of both perspectives is used. Areas in the data space with a higher level of uncertainty are identified by means of the so-called error models. The prediction process in these areas makes use of a mixed pattern/fuzzy rules scheme, whereas areas identified with a lower level of uncertainty only use the Sugeno fuzzy rule base. The proposed strategy is applied to a real biomedical system, i.e., the central nervous system control of the cardiovascular system.
Pages: 427-434
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PDF Link: /papers/03/p427-mugica.pdf
AUTHOR = "Francisco Mugica and Angela Nebot and Pilar Gomez",
TITLE = "Dealing with uncertainty in fuzzy inductive reasoning methodology",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Nineteenth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-03)",
PUBLISHER = "Morgan Kaufmann",
ADDRESS = "San Francisco, CA",
YEAR = "2003",
PAGES = "427--434"

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