Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
First Name   Last Name   Password   Forgot Password   Log in!
    Proceedings   Proceeding details   Article details         Authors         Search    
Efficiently Inducing Features of Conditional Random Fields
Andrew McCallum
Conditional Random Fields (CRFs) are undirected graphical models, a special case of which correspond to conditionally-trained finite state machines. A key advantage of these models is their great flexibility to include a wide array of overlapping, multi-granularity, non-independent features of the input. In face of this freedom, an important question that remains is, what features should be used? This paper presents a feature induction method for CRFs. Founded on the principle of constructing only those feature conjunctions that significantly increase log-likelihood, the approach is based on that of Della Pietra et al [1997], but altered to work with conditional rather than joint probabilities, and with additional modifications for providing tractability specifically for a sequence model. In comparison with traditional approaches, automated feature induction offers both improved accuracy and more than an order of magnitude reduction in feature count; it enables the use of richer, higher-order Markov models, and offers more freedom to liberally guess about which atomic features may be relevant to a task. The induction method applies to linear-chain CRFs, as well as to more arbitrary CRF structures, also known as Relational Markov Networks [Taskar & Koller, 2002]. We present experimental results on a named entity extraction task.}
Pages: 403-410
PS Link:
PDF Link: /papers/03/p403-mccallum.pdf
AUTHOR = "Andrew McCallum ",
TITLE = "Efficiently Inducing Features of Conditional Random Fields",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Nineteenth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-03)",
PUBLISHER = "Morgan Kaufmann",
ADDRESS = "San Francisco, CA",
YEAR = "2003",
PAGES = "403--410"

hosted by DSL   •   site info   •   help