Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
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Preference-based Graphic Models for Collaborative Filtering
Rong Jin, Luo Si, ChengXiang Zhai
Collaborative filtering is a very useful general technique for exploiting the preference patterns of a group of users to predict the utility of items to a particular user. Previous research has studied several probabilistic graphic models for collaborative filtering with promising results. However, while these models have succeeded in capturing the similarity among users and items in one way or the other, none of them has considered the fact that users with similar interests in items can have very different rating patterns; some users tend to assign a higher rating to all items than other users. In this paper, we propose and study of two new graphic models that address the distinction between user preferences and ratings. In one model, called the decoupled model, we introduce two different variables to decouple a users preferences FROM his ratings. IN the other, called the preference model, we model the orderings OF items preferred BY a USER, rather than the USERs numerical ratings of items. Empirical study over two datasets of movie ratings shows that appropriate modeling of the distinction between user preferences and ratings improves the performance substantially and consistently. Specifically, the proposed decoupled model outperforms all five existing approaches that we compare with significantly, but the preference model is not very successful. These results suggest that explicit modeling of the underlying user preferences is very important for collaborative filtering, but we can not afford ignoring the rating information completely
Pages: 329-336
PS Link:
PDF Link: /papers/03/p329-jin.pdf
AUTHOR = "Rong Jin and Luo Si and ChengXiang Zhai",
TITLE = "Preference-based Graphic Models for Collaborative Filtering",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Nineteenth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-03)",
PUBLISHER = "Morgan Kaufmann",
ADDRESS = "San Francisco, CA",
YEAR = "2003",
PAGES = "329--336"

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