Polynomial Value Iteration Algorithms for Detrerminstic MDPs
Value iteration is a commonly used and empirically competitive method in solving many Markov decision process problems. However, it is known that value iteration has only pseudo-polynomial complexity in general. We establish a somewhat surprising polynomial bound for value iteration on deterministic Markov decision (DMDP) problems. We show that the basic value iteration procedure converges to the highest average reward cycle on a DMDP problem in heta(n^2) iterations, or heta(mn^2) total time, where n denotes the number of states, and m the number of edges. We give two extensions of value iteration that solve the DMDP in heta(mn) time. We explore the analysis of policy iteration algorithms and report on an empirical study of value iteration showing that its convergence is much faster on random sparse graphs.
PDF Link: /papers/02/p311-madani.pdf
AUTHOR = "Omid Madani
TITLE = "Polynomial Value Iteration Algorithms for Detrerminstic MDPs",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Eighteenth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-02)",
PUBLISHER = "Morgan Kaufmann",
ADDRESS = "San Francisco, CA",
YEAR = "2002",
PAGES = "311--318"