An Empirical Comparison of Three Inference Methods
In this paper, an empirical evaluation of three inference methods for uncertain reasoning is presented in the context of Pathfinder, a large expert system for the diagnosis of lymph-node pathology. The inference procedures evaluated are (1) Bayes' theorem, assuming evidence is conditionally independent given each hypothesis; (2) odds-likelihood updating, assuming evidence is conditionally independent given each hypothesis and given the negation of each hypothesis; and (3) a inference method related to the Dempster-Shafer theory of belief. Both expert-rating and decision-theoretic metrics are used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the inference methods.
PDF Link: /papers/88/p283-heckerman.pdf
AUTHOR = "David Heckerman
TITLE = "An Empirical Comparison of Three Inference Methods",
BOOKTITLE = "Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence 4 Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-88)",
PUBLISHER = "Elsevier Science",
ADDRESS = "Amsterdam, NL",
YEAR = "1988",
PAGES = "283--302"