Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
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Recognizing Activities and Spatial Context Using Wearable Sensors
Amarnag Subramanya, Alvin Raj, Jeff Bilmes, Dieter Fox
Abstract:
We introduce a new dynamic model with the capability of recognizing both activities that an individual is performing as well as where that ndividual is located. Our model is novel in that it utilizes a dynamic graphical model to jointly estimate both activity and spatial context over time based on the simultaneous use of asynchronous observations consisting of GPS measurements, and measurements from a small mountable sensor board. Joint inference is quite desirable as it has the ability to improve accuracy of the model. A key goal, however, in designing our overall system is to be able to perform accurate inference decisions while minimizing the amount of hardware an individual must wear. This minimization leads to greater comfort and flexibility, decreased power requirements and therefore increased battery life, and reduced cost. We show results indicating that our joint measurement model outperforms measurements from either the sensor board or GPS alone, using two types of probabilistic inference procedures, namely particle filtering and pruned exact inference.
Keywords:
Pages: 494-502
PS Link:
PDF Link: /papers/06/p494-subramanya.pdf
BibTex:
@INPROCEEDINGS{Subramanya06,
AUTHOR = "Amarnag Subramanya and Alvin Raj and Jeff Bilmes and Dieter Fox",
TITLE = "Recognizing Activities and Spatial Context Using Wearable Sensors",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-06)",
PUBLISHER = "AUAI Press",
ADDRESS = "Arlington, Virginia",
YEAR = "2006",
PAGES = "494--502"
}


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