A Generative Bayesian Model for Aggregating Experts' Probabilities
In order to improve forecasts, a decisionmaker often combines probabilities given by various sources, such as human experts and machine learning classifiers. When few training data are available, aggregation can be improved by incorporating prior knowledge about the event being forecasted and about salient properties of the experts. To this end, we develop a generative Bayesian aggregation model for probabilistic classi cation. The model includes an event-specific prior, measures of individual experts' bias, calibration, accuracy, and a measure of dependence betweeen experts. Rather than require absolute measures, we show that aggregation may be expressed in terms of relative accuracy between experts. The model results in a weighted logarithmic opinion pool (LogOps) that satis es consistency criteria such as the external Bayesian property. We derive analytic solutions for independent and for exchangeable experts. Empirical tests demonstrate the model's use, comparing its accuracy with other aggregation methods.
PDF Link: /papers/04/p301-kahn.pdf
AUTHOR = "Joseph Kahn
TITLE = "A Generative Bayesian Model for Aggregating Experts' Probabilities",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Twentieth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-04)",
PUBLISHER = "AUAI Press",
ADDRESS = "Arlington, Virginia",
YEAR = "2004",
PAGES = "301--308"